For long tweeple are debating on Polygamy and Monogamy, some are in favour of Polygamy while others opposes it. While they have their own reasons to support or oppose, I tried to search and read on the topic of Polygamy and monogamy And why Modern states are more inclined in the favour of Monogamy.
Lots of data and research suggest that all most all the societies have progressed from Polygamy to monogamy because the social problem it has created . How ? let’ see point by point
In 2012 University of British Columbia-led study that explores the global rise of monogamous marriage as a dominant cultural institution. And study finds that “significantly higher levels rape, kidnapping, murder, assault, robbery and fraud in polygynous cultures”
1) Problems for young man : It has been seen and proved that wealthy male of the society prove to be a stasher of wives. It increase the competition for partner and low status males had high chances of not getting any partner. According to Study
“ A little chances of obtaining even one long term mate, unmarried , low status men heavily discount future and risk taking, resulting in more socially undesirable behavior. Like higher rates of murder, theft, rape, social disruption, kidnapping, sexual slavery and prostitution”
2) Problems for Women : Polygamy reduces woman freedom, increase gender inequality and domestic violence. As in polygynous market men remain on the marriage market for longer term, it reduces the age of first marriage for females, increase the spousal age gap. Due to competition men uses all type of influences, connection and power to obtain wives. Also strike financial deal with their fathers and brothers. According to study:
“ More competition motivates men to seek to control their female relative, suppressing women’s freedoms”
3) Problems for Children’s : Monogamous marriage also results in significant improvements in child welfare, including lower rates of child neglect, abuse, accidental death, homicide and intra-household conflict, the study finds. These benefits result from greater levels of parental investment, smaller households and increased direct “blood relatedness” in monogamous family households, says Henrich
MARKET NOTES: 29.03.2014. The bear market in Copper & Crude may be done.
The US Dollar [DXY] may have topped out at 80.50 and may be headed down towards a retest 78.50. But the more significant news is from Copper and Crude. The charts indicate that the bear market in industrial commodities [& agricultural commodities not discussed here] may finally be over.
Bear rallies currently underway in Gold and Silver may have been interrupted by corrections but are far from over. I expect sharp uptrend in prices of precious metals to resume shortly, although the long-term picture in them remains pretty bearish. That said, the bear-rallies, [with sharp corrections] have months to run. Position traders should avoid the short side of the trade for now.
Gold is currently positioned at $1294.30, a bit below its 50 & 200 DMAs even as the 50 DMA has pierced through the 200 DMA from below after a long time. Is the rally in Gold from the low of $1202 on 12/31/2013 over?
By my reckoning, the long-term down draft in Gold that began from a high of $1923.70 in September 2011 has completed its first half of the journey at the low $1202.30 on 12/31/2013. The rally from that point is one of a corrective nature and should run over many months with a target of $1550 or so. What we have seen so far in 2014 is just the first leg of the corrective bear rally that topped out at $1392.60 on 3/17/2014.
A 50% retracement of the rally from the low of 1202.30 to the high of 1392.60 reveals a likely target for this rally at $1180, a price point fairly close by. A much more robust floor is also close at hand at $1260 which also happens to be the 61.8% retracement level.
My sense is that gold will pivot sharply from one of these either of these two price point, most likely $1260, to rally sharply higher. The weekly chart appended above shows the first half of the long-term downdraft & the subsequent corrective bear rally underway in the larger technical backdrop.
While the long-term correction is gold is by no means over, the bear rally underway has a long time to run ahead and the retracement completed so far is but a fraction of the likely target. It is dangerous to be on the short side of Gold despite indications of a rally in $DXY which would normally serve to tamp down precious metal prices.
Silver has much in common with Gold in terms of the long-term correction underway in the metal but there are significant differences in price behavior.
Silver, much like Gold, has completed the first half of the long-term correction on hitting a price of $18.335 on 6/27/2013. It subsequently rallied to $25.126 in a sharp bear rally and has been correcting from there towards $18 level ever since. Silver failed to make a new low in December 2013.
My sense is that Silver too is likely to rally upwards from the $19 price region and the ensuing bear rally could take the price higher that $25 that we have seen in the first pullback.
Silver has seen $19 has seen very strong support at $19 a number of times in the recent past. The current price at $19.79 leaves very little on the table for bears and is a perfect opportunity for bulls. So like Gold, while I am not bullish in the long-term, I would touch the short side of the trade & would be comfortable going long with a stop just under $18.5.
Industrial & agricultural commodities, unlike precious metals, present a very bullish picture at the end of their long 6-year bear market. Copper may have put at end to its bear market correction with the low of 2.9145 hit on 3/13/2014.
Copper began the latest leg of its bear move from a high of 4.58 on 2/03/2011. It has seen a classic 5-wave [with an extension of wave3] wave down to 2.923 on 3/13/2014. To my mind that completes the bear market correction for Copper and we may into a new bull cycle for the metal.
Copper is currently positioned at 3.0315, off its recent lows but well below its 50 and 200 DMAs in the 3.20 price region. Copper is a buy for position trade for a target of 3.40 with a stop just under 2.90.
WTI Crude has been in a long-term correction ever since the high of $147.27 on 7/11/2008. I reckon, the C leg of the multi-year bear market in crude, may have ended with the low of $91.24 on 1/09/2014. It is worth noting that the 5-wave C leg of the correction began with a high of $114.18 on 4/29/2011. It’s been a flat but well defined 5-wave, flat with a gently upward sloping upward bias, correction which betrays a strong bullish bias to the commodity in the long term.
Crude has rallied from a low of $91.2 to a high of $105 and retraced 50% of the rise in the following correction. Crude may see another brief correction on rallying back to $105 from the current level of $101.67.
Crude is currently above both its 50 and 200 DMAs. Oscillators are in neutral zone, while the 50 DMA is about to trigger a bullish penetration of the 200 DMA. Crude appears headed for a first target of $105, and following a correction from there, a higher target of $110. I think a confirmed break above $105 will see huge accumulation in crude commence.
There is nothing like a long-term weekly currency chart for perspective. Given the end of the bear market in commodities [except precious metals] it is interesting to see how $DXY is positioned on long-tem charts.
DXY made a low of 72.86 on 5/04/2011 and rallied to a top of 84.485 on 7/09/2013. The rally up traced a classic A-B-C wave up. DXY has been correcting ever since but has always found support at 78.80 that happens to be 50% of the rise recorded in the last bullish leg up.
My sense is that the correction in DXY from its recent bull high continues and we may be in the last leg of the ongoing correction.
DXY made its last low of 79.438 on 3/14/2014 and has since rallied to a high of 80.5050 on 3/202014. It is currently positioned at 80.335, a notch below its 50 DMA and well below its 200 DMA. My sense is that DXY will drift down to retest 78.50 level by end of May, 2014 before it makes up its mind to rally from there.
This was written in November, 2012 but got spiked.
DCT as a disruptive innovation
Imagine yourself as a 20s something, male or female, who has graduated out of the local college in a northern cowbelt town of some 2 to 5 lac inhabitants, with a degree in arts, science or commerce. How do you find a job?
A lot of people will at this point cite competitive exams for entry into some kind of government service. These jobs, much preferred for their cradle to grave job security with no professional risks, account for barely 3 to 4% of all jobs available. Assume our lad or lass is a median student and hasn’t had much luck with such exams. What then? How are 96% of the jobs that our economy creates parceled out to the youth? What is the recruitment process here? How does our young 20s something himself or herself a job in real life under such a setting?
Barring a handful of private sector jobs in the top 1000 or so corporations in the country, that account perhaps for another 5% of the total jobs apart from government, we have no formal process of recruitment for the balance 90% of jobs open to a young person starting out in life. Our employment exchanges are in shambles and of little use here; most don’t exist in small towns. There is perhaps a rice processing mill or two in the town I have in mind as I write this, a soybean processing plant that’s doing very well, 20 odd small scale industries that make equipment for farming, dozens of motor bike & truck repair shops, kirana shops, mandis, half a dozen hotels catering to tourists, bus & truck operators, a stone processing quarry and an army of babus that “runs” the district. How do you find a career in this small world, especially as the 4 colleges churn out some 3000 students like you every year looking for the same jobs?
Apply, apply and wait for reply? It doesn’t work. In such a setting the only way to get a job, admit it or not, is to work through the family network. Word goes out that you are looking for a job. Your dad will be very grateful to who-so-ever in his circle of relatives, friends, associates can offer one or route you to one. These networks of contacts work within a community of contacts. They may spill across caste, religion, income and other dividers but, by and large, they are local, community based and closely observes the general “biradri” barriers. As shorthand, you may call these the patronage networks, and these are pervasive. They help organize your social, economic, and political life. They broadly determine where you will work, what you will earn and whom you will marry. The only way to escape the clutches of this system is to either drop out of society or to excel at school & find a job via a competitive exam. Barely 10% of the young can do so. The rest have no option but to opt in – willy-nilly.
You just cannot overstate the power of these local patronage networks. They aren’t monolithic. In fact many compete with each other. Most, if not all, are organized around a caste, or an alliance of castes. Each has community leaders, usually established businessmen in various trades; wealth & income marks out the true leaders. Members are expected to observe the unwritten rules, be it priority in hiring members or marrying members. There is considerable leeway in specifics but broadly the discipline is enforced through the threat of social ostracization. Sure you can hire somebody from another caste but if there is an objection you may have difficulty finding the right groom for your daughter years later. It is not easy to break ranks, which is why we outsiders in metros fail to appreciate the strong ties of caste groupings that bind small town communities. We are lucky to have escaped them.
Throw in the subsidies by Direct Cash Transfers into this milieu and you disrupt an age-old system that ruled life howsoever iniquitously. The social and political power of the leaders of this parsonage system is grounded in economics. They own the most valuable income generating assets; they control access to jobs and your share in that income and you cannot survive for very long if you are cutoff from that income. DCT gives the poor breathing space independent of the patronage network. That is critical to the bargaining power of job seekers because you don’t have to jump at the first job available or sell yourself cheap. It is this loss of power over the young, and through them over the poor, which will begin the end of these caste based patronage networks even more quickly than the spread of education has so far.
DCT subsides should not be in perpetuity. These should have a time limit – say 2 years per family after which they should be discontinued to avoid permanent dependence on dole. Subsidies to the poor are necessary for two reasons. Firstly, subsidies to the utterly poor rekindle hope and initiative in them. A man scrounging for food cannot lift his head to upgrade his skills or even look for a job. Subsidies give him or her the luxury of time to find an income-generating slot in the ecosystem. Such people do exist but are very few in number.
The second, and more pervasive, effect of subsidies to raise wages for all, not just those targeted for subsidies. Now I am not aware of any study that has examined the impact of this aspect in the Indian milieu. To the extent government thinks wages at the bottom of the pyramid are too low, DCT subsidies will help raise the wage levels for all of labor at the lower rungs of the social ladder. But a bout of wage inflation is inevitable and the government must have a strategy in place to counter that deleterious side effect.
The big untested assumption here is that wages at the bottom of the pyramid are too low. To the best of my knowledge, this assumption hasn’t been validated and we have admixture of two things here. One very poor people unable or incapable of participating in a market economy without help and people who need support during a bad period in order to find a job or other source of income. Government will have to segregate the two groups and devise measures to deal with them separately.
The other group of very powerful people who will keenly feel the disruption in established power structures is the local bureaucracy. This class is pretty used to intercepting a portion of any subsidy aimed at the poor. Not only will they be disintermediated but will also lose their hold on the patronage system. Babudom in general works very closely with the trader or merchant class in small towns and these very people are generally the community leaders of their caste groups. The potential for active collaboration between lower reaches of the bureaucracy and the patronage network leaders is pretty high and the government will have to work out counter strategies.
All in all, subsidies by DCT will alter the power equations in villages and small towns significantly. If the effect of such disruption is benign and benefits the poor, the Congress can expect a rich harvest of votes. But the potential and incentive for sabotaging the new system is very high. Efficacy in local implementation will make or mar this disruptive innovation. If the Congress plans to make it the game-changer for 2014, it will need a highly effective political campaign at the local level to ensure implementation is fair, inclusive and effective without intermediation by the very people who seek to defeat it.
MARKET NOTES: WORLD EQUITY MARKETS 19.01.2014
World Equity markets continue to exude cheer reflecting modest growth in the global economy accompanied by fairly lose and benign monetary conditions. Shanghai is an exception as authorities grapple with the problem of excessive speculation in asset prices financed via the Dollar carry trade. It is not a bubble that lends itself to easy resolution.
Back in India, NIFTY continues to climb a wall of worry as general elections loom, fiscal deficit surges and the current account deficit is barely under control following subdued gold & crude prices. This largely reflects the fact that much of the negativity was already in the price. All said & done, Indian GDP continues to grow at 5% plus rate and a financial bankruptcy on the external account is a still remote event.
Under the hood, there is considerable churn in stock in the US & European markets. Should the interest rate curve start sloping upwards reflecting normal real growth, the financials will stand to make a lot of money and their valuations are pretty cheap given the bad patch they have had since the year 2000. Look for values in this sector for further impetus to S&P 500.
Some people have asked for analysis focused on the near-term. So presenting the hourly chart in $SPY above.
To my mind, the drop from 184.75 on 31st December to 181.25 on 14th January corrected the run up from 177 to 184.75. $SPY has since rallied to high of 184.85 and is now correcting for that run up. I would be greatly surprised if the bulls yielded the gap just below 183.50 to the bears in this correction. Following the gap there is much more robust support at 183.
I would expect $SPY to resume its rally in the next to 184.25 and beyond. There is really nothing bearish on the charts so on the charts as long as 181 level holds.
The near term picture for the Nasdaq 100 [$NDX] is similar to that of $SPY.
In my view, the drop from 3591.25 to 3500 corrected the run up from 3430 to 3591.25. $NDX then went on to make a new high of 3610 and is currently correcting for that run up. First support lies at 3580, which held up on first test on 17th January. More support exists at 3570 followed by that at 3540.
My sense is that the gap between 3580 and 3590 will not be filled here and the index is likely to rally sharply to new highs beyond 3617. Position traders may like to keep their stops just below 3520.
Nothing remotely bearish on the index as such but under the hood tech stocks are showing some signs of exhaustion. On the other hand financials are likely at the beginning of a fresh surge up. So do take a look at what you hold than just the index.
Nikkei is in a very strong uptrend with first target of 16,700. I think the Index intends to clear the previous high of 18,260 in the next 12 to 18 months. That said, 16.700 would be a fairly formidable overhead resistance.
Nikkei made a high of 16320.22 on 12/30/2013 and has been correcting since then. Its 50 DMA is currently at 15,368, which should act a support and has been tested successful once. Further support lies at 15150 followed by a more robust floor at 14800. My sense is that 15350 floor is unlikely to be taken out in this correction.
On the other hand I see a high probability that Nikkei may stage a very sharp rally to just under 16,700 and correct from there in a fairly complex move. The next few weeks are for consolidation. But my sense is that consolidation will happen in a higher trading range of 15,800 to 16,700 rather than the current one. Nothing bearish about the Index.
$DAX is in a strong uptrend that will see very brief though sharp corrections over the next two weeks. The Index is targeting 10,000 plus before the end of May.
There will be a bit of consolidation before the index makes a bid for 10,000 and my sense is that having seen a sharp running correction from 2nd December to 14th January, the index is more likely to spike up to just under 10,000 early next week and then consolidate a bit above 9700 for a week or two before making another attempt at the target.
Day to day plays isn’t my forte. Simply don’t have access to the kind of data necessary for a proper analysis of the technical play. So take the above with a bit of caution. However, I am pretty much confident that [a] 10,000 will be taken out much before May and [b] it won’t be taken out at first or second attempt.
Position traders should hold with a stop under 9700. There is nothing bearish in the index yet. And all indications are for an early take down of 10,000.
Among the major world equity markets Shanghai continues to be the most unambiguously bearish. The Shanghai Composite Index appears headed for a retest of its major floor at 1660 by end of May. There may be minor corrections on the way but the direction is clear enough.
The other noteworthy technical event is the generation of a clear sell signal so late in the bear market with the 50 DMA moving well below the 200 DMA. I wonder what the market knows what we don’t. Avoid calling a bottom on this one. Wait for clear capitulation. In the near term the index is clearly oversold and could pause a bit. But the respite won’t last long. Make a buy list but wait for capitulation.
NSE NIFTY appears to be climbing a wall of worry what with the Indian economy being ringed with huge fundamental problems at the macro level. But then markets have been so hammered in recent years 6 years of a bear market that I for one wouldn’t question the market’s wisdom. This blog is just about technicals and the message from them is one of cheer. The markets are headed up though only they know why!
The NIFTY made a technical low of 5118.85 on 8/28/2014 and in many ways it can be said to have marked the end of the bear market that began with the crash of January 2008.
The NIFTY has been in uptrend since then making a high of 6342.95 on 11/03/2013. It went into a sideways correction since then and to my way of reckoning, the correction to the run up from 8/28/2013 to 11/03/2013 ended 1/08/2014 at the low of 6160.35, making for a fairy shallow correction to the indices.
Since then the Index has rallied to high of 6346.50 and has fallen back a bit from there. The correction is minor and to be expected as the index can be expected to take 3 or 4 attempts to break free to new all time highs. My sense is that we could well see NIFTY at 6600 by the end of May or just before India goes into polls for a new government.
Nothing bearish in the NIFTY as far as technicals go. I would keep a sharp stop loss at 6100.
BSE Small Caps:
The BSE Small Caps Index [BSCI] made a low of 5100 on 8/28/2013 and rallied from there to a high of 6145 on 11/08/2013. It went into a running correction from that point but continued upwards and it is possible that the running correction ended 1/17/2014 although the possibility of another test of the 50 DMA at 6270 in the next 10 days should not be ruled out.
The index’s 50 DMA crossed over above the 200 DMA on 12/03/2013. Currently the Index is at 6476.76, well above the 50 DMA as well as the 200 DMA at 5851.25.
The Index Price ROC is in oversold territory. I expect the index to head for highs beyond the 6750 level. The steepness of the rally is largely owed to the way stocks were hammered on the way down. Having said that, there is nothing bearish on the charts. I would expect a clear breakout of the small cap index above 7700 by May end or before elections.
Stay with liquid stocks when dabbling in small caps.
MARKET NOTES: 18.01.2014. Is it really time to buy commodities?
The commodity cycle has been in a downturn from May 2008 and has run through 6 years of a bear market. While that’s not unusually long for commodities, the cycle is nearing its end and prices look attractive in a historical perspective. But it is it time to buy?
I take look below at Gold, Silver, Copper and crude. Broadly, the technical picture is mixed but the probability of significant price drops towards the tail end of the bear market in things like precious metals is high.
As noted earlier, it is USDJPY pair that appears to be driving currency markets. Indications are that USDJPY may take a breather and correct to 100 from it current level of 104 over the next 4 to 6 weeks and that may drive the Dollar lower in other markets as well.
In India, INR has been appreciating against the Dollar ever since the Dollar made a high of 68.68 against the Rupee last year. That correction may now be over and the Dollar could head for INR 64 gain over the next 2 months.
Bulls should avoid calling bottoms although we are getting close to them. Waiting for capitulation in commodity markets is the better route to profits.
Gold made a top of $1434 on 8/28/2013 and completed the down move on 12/06/2013 at a low of $1210.15. Since then it has been in a reactive move up, but actually ended up faltering, making lows of $1193 on 12/19/2013 and again $1181.40 on 12/31/2013. These two lows shouldn’t really have been there although it’s not unusual in reactive up-moves. They betray a weakness in the metal even at this late stage in the bearish move counting from the high of September 2011. One expects bounces at this stage of a bear move rather than a breakdown.
My sense is that we are likely to see more weakness in the metal further down the road that tests upward support trend line that stretches all the way from March 2001. New lows below $1180 appear indicated.
The metal is currently positioned at $1251 a notch above its 50 DMA that’s currently hovering in the $1245 area. In the near-term, we might have the metal continue to rally towards $1270 area by the end of this month. The market’s reaction to the price in the $1270 will decide the future course of price moves. A reversal from there will indicate further price breakdowns are in the offing.
A move beyond $1280 probably indicates a different wave count from the one I am using here that could take the metal all the way to $1360 or even $1440. But that appears unlikely given the weakness in price where one expects strength. Long-term, even if the metal rallies to $1440, the bear move down would be far from exhausted. India’s Central Bank can rest easy for a while more. Gold imports won’t pick up in a bearish market.
Silver closed the week at $20.26, above its 50 DMA at $19.95 but well below its 200 DMA at $21.40.
The metal’s price moves follow gold though not exactly or with the same wave counts. By my reckoning, Silver’s latest leg down began from a high of 8/28/2013 and ended at $19.13 on 12/02/2013. Since then the metal has tried to rally upwards towards its major resistance of $22.
My sense is that the reactive move upwards will continue towards the 50% retracement level that coincides with a major resistance and the 200 DMA. Even if the 200 DMA gets taken out, I expect the metal to turn down once again and retest $18 before the complete bearish wave from the top of $49.50 in April 2011 exhausts itself. Note Silver broke down from its top in April end 2011 as against gold, which began its decent from September 2011. So expect Silver to lead the way!
To my way of reckoning, Copper completed its last bearish impulsive move at 3.0420 on 3/30/2013 and has been in a reactive uptrend since then that has quite a way to go yet.
In the current uptrend under way, Copper made a low of 3.1570 on 11/19/2013 and rallied from there to a new high of 3.3740 on 12/24/2013. Its been correcting from there and could move down to 3.25 over the next 2 weeks to retest its 200 DMA as a support. Both the 50 DMA and the 200 DMA are placed close together in the 3.25 area.
On finding support at 3.25 as I expect, the metal could head for new highs beyond 3.45. Copper is not a bearish play and can be bought at a dip to 3.25 or even higher.
Crude is capable of a lot of surprises at this sage of the play. So I am gonna stick my neck out for the very short-term only. We will get a better picture of how things resolve in Crude by early April. Expect the market to surprise either way.
In the near-term, I see crude in a downtrend from the top of $112.22 made on 8/28/2013 and this trend ended in a low of $93.37 on 11/05/2013. Crude tried to rally from that point, with a few fumbles, but made it up only to $100.75 before turning down and taking out both its 200 DMA [$99] and 50 DMA [$95.4] to make a new low of $91.24 on 1/09/2014. The move up from there to Friday’s close at $94.37, just under its 50 DMA, is a minor reactive up-move that could exhaust itself in the vicinity of the 50 DMA. In the near-term – till March end – I see crude drifting down to new lows below $90.
Hard to say which way crude will breakout from 87 to 110 range of the last few years. But a break below $90 could be on the cards. And that’s more bullish news for India’s crisis managers back home. Don’t bet on the long side of crude till the end of March.
I still think $DXY is in a reactive up-move from the low of 79.06 made on 10/25/2013 that has not exhausted itself. The up-move has already retraced 38% and could move up to 50%, which gives it a level of 82. The Index’s 200 DMA lies at 81.50. It will probably be taken out some time next week.
Any sustained move above 82 would invalidate my wave count and this analysis. The downside to the Index is very limited. So position traders should probably avoid large bets either way.
The Euro made a triple top of sorts at 1.3825 and then turned down to take out its 50 DMA in the 1.36 region to close the week at 1.3539. To my mind the Euro is now in the second leg of its correction from the top of 1.3832 made on 10/25/2013 with a downside target of 1.3300, which happens to be in the vicinity of the pair’s 200 DMA currently at 1.3346.
Barring minor pullbacks, expect the Euro to drift towards a test of its 200 DMA over the next dew weeks. However, the intermediate up-move in the Euro from its low of 1.20 in July 2012 is not yet exhausted and I expect the Euro to turn up again after testing its 200 DMA.
To my mind, the USDJPY pair has put in an intermediate top 105.44 on 01/02/2014 and has launched into the second leg of the correction for the run up in the pair from the low of 75.79 in October 2011. Note the up-move from 79, which probably targets 110 or higher is not yet exhausted. However the pair appears to be in complex “running correction” ever since it made a top of 102.88 in May last year and the current downtrend can be seen as a second leg of that correction although one must expect it to be much shallower.
With that in view, expect the Dollar to rally from the current level of 104.29 towards 105.50 but not breach the level next 2 or 3 days before turning down to reach for 100, which also happens to the current level of its 200 DMA. The process may take weeks but the trend after a brief test of 105.50 again should be down towards 100. A breach of 104 will confirm the trend. A decisive break above 105.50 will invalidate my analysis.
The Dollar has been in a correction against INR since the top of 68.80 on 8/28/2013. The correction continues but may be nearing a reversal.
The Dollar closed at 61.54 on Friday. The pair has made a bottom at INR 60.83 multiple times and this will likely act as a floor to further moves on the downside. The Dollar’s 50 DMA lies at 62.1 while its 200 DMA is way below at 60.34.
My sense is that the correction in the Dollar from the top of 68.80 got over with the low of 60.83 on 12/09/2013 and the Dollar is coiling up for a rebound to the topside. My analysis would be validated when Dollar bounces off to the topside from the vicinity of 61 in a decisive upturn. In which case I would look to buy the Dollar after the said bounce with a stop-loss just under 60.80 for a intermediate target of 64.
A break below 60.75 would invalidate my analysis. A note of caution, though. The journey to 64 after a bounce from the vicinity of 61 will be neither one-way nor swift. The Dollar is also correcting to the downside against other major currencies and this will mute the moves to the upside to begin with.
MARKET NOTES 12TH January 2014: World Equity Markets
The US, Europe and Japanese markets ended 2013 at or near all time highs and have been working off the excesses in the first 2 weeks of the new year. All indications are that with end of the current consolidation over the next, the uptrend may resume shortly. Barring Shanghai, there is nothing bearish about most equity markets.
Back home, the broader universe of Indian stocks made new lows or significant lows after the crash to lows in March 2009. In some cases the rallies from these lows have been fairly sharp. It is too early to say if we have seen the “final” bottom to these stocks in August 2013 or if another attempt to test them will be made before or just after elections. For the nonce, the rally from August lows continues and some wave counts that favor suggest that this may extend to Mid-March. Investors should hold with an appropriate stop-loss. It is unlikely that Indian markets will step out of sync with global markets until elections loom.
Early bears fuel parabolic terminal bull-runs! Beware.
The SPY chart, the traded ETF of S&P 500, is shown above. S&P 500 closed Friday at 1842.37 and appears to be on its way up to retest the previous top at 1850. Incidentally, 1850 happens to be on a very important trend line running up from the low of March 2009, through the top in March 2012, to the top on 31st December. The trend-line used to be a very important support line from March 2009 to August 2011, and has been a formidable resistance since then. Taking out the resistance would be a very rare but important technical event.
The Index’s 50 DMA lies at 1799, while it’s 200 DMA lies way below at 1689. The S&P 500 usually doesn’t stray that far above its 500 DMA. The fact that 1850 lies on a very formidable resistance, from where the Index reacted and the current “stretch” away from the 200 DMA suggests further consolidation. First support lies at 1808, which is pretty close to the 50 DMA, followed by more support at 1765. S&P 500 has usually turned up from the vicinity of it 50 DMA in recent corrections. We are therefore unlikely to see a breach of 1800 in the event of further consolidation.
There is nothing bearish on the charts for the medium term. Barring a drop to 1800 next week, the market should continue to trend up till the middle of May 2014. Dips to 1800 would be a buying opportunity for traders.
There is nothing bearish about the NASDAQ 100 [$NDX] in the chart shown above. $NDX closed Friday at 3536.08. First support for the Index lies at 3518 followed by more support at its 50 DMA now at 3468. Its 200 DMA is way below at 3151. The Index’s Price ROC oscillator is close to support. Barring a minor consolidation early next week in sympathy with $SPY, the index is headed up. Sharp rallies to the upside are more likely until Mid-May than sharp reactions. It is unwise to play bear in the Index.
$DAX like the US Indices is into a major bull move that could last until Mid-May well above 10,000. That said, in the near term, the Index entered into a short-term correction on 30th December from a top of 9594 that may see the Index testing its 50 DMA, which currently lies at 9220. The consolidation itself could take the first few days of next week.
$DAX has a habit of testing its 50 DMA twice before major moves to the upside. The Index’s 14 day RSI is at 59 and heading towards 40. That more or less suggests one more attempt to test the 50 DMA before the rally to Mid-May. Beware if the rally to mid-May goes parabolic.
Clearly, Shanghai Composite is marching to a dynamic of its own ignoring other world markets.
The Index closed at 2013.3 on last Friday, well below its 50 & 200 DMAs, which are both in the 2125 region with the 50 DMA having generated a sell signal. The Index’s previous bottom lies at 1850 and there is no reason why the Index should stop short of the mark in the current downtrend.
The wave counts from the last major top in February 2013 suggest the Index may well seek levels lower than 1850. The next support below 1850 lies at the October 28th low of 1771.82. That could well be tested.
NSE CNX 500:
The CNX NIFTY, although widely traded, has become rather unrepresentative of the broader Indian market. The NIFTY is touching all time highs while 70% of the stocks listed on the NSE are barely 30 TO 50% above their March 2009 lows. Therefore, to give a better sense of the market, I track the CNX 500 and the NSE Mid-Cap Index that are more representative of the larger universe of Indian stocks.
The NSE CNX500 is an intermediate uptrend from the low of 3535 made on 12/20/2011 and that trend continues. The Index made a top of 4877.65 on 5/20/2013 before going into a correction that saw a low of 4054 on 8/272013. The corrective wave ended 11/03/2013 at 4847 and we are now seeing an effort by the Index to test the previous support for the Index at 4650. There are multiple supports before the Index hits 4650 and it could well halt much before that level.
My sense is that this consolidation of the CNX500 may continue for a few more trading days into the next week before the uptrend resumes. Investors should keep a stop-loss at 4600 & hold unless breached. With the US markets likely to turn up shortly, I am not bearish on the broader Indian market as yet, largely because the larger universe of stocks are at ridiculously low valuations.
NSE MID-CAP INDEX:
A noteworthy feature of the larger universe of NSE stocks is that a large number of them made new lows or significant lows in August 2013, after the crash of January 2008. In relation to these micro & midcaps, the question is if we will see another attempt to test the lows of August 2013 or is a bottom in place?
The second question nagging minds is the general election due in May 2014 and what impact that may have on the Indian markets.
The wave counts for NSE 500 AND the MidCap Index are analogous. The MidCap Index made a low of 6030 on 12/20/2011 and has been in an intermediate uptrend from there. It subsequently made a top of 8768 on 01/08/13 and corrected to a low of 6515 on 8/27/2013. My sense is that unless 7600 on the Index is breached, we may see the current rally from August continuing [with periodic corrections] up until mid-March 2014.
However, not all stocks may be strong enough to attempt a rally right up to mid-March. There will be those that started their correction on 12/31/2013 itself. Given the rallies in US, Europe and Japan, I would continue to hold stocks until stopped out by a breach of 7600.
MARKET NOTES: Commodities likely to turn up. $GLD & $XAD
Commodity markets in general are in the very early stages of recovery but all of them aren’t likely to move in tandem. Below I take look at the CRB Index for 17 commodities, the Aussie Dollar vs. US dollar and the price trends in Gold, Silver, Copper and WTI Crude.
This post should be read together with the earlier post on Global currency markets. A further post on equity markets follows.
I have shown the weekly chart of $CRB commodity Index to get a good fix of where we stand in the ongoing commodity correction cycle after the great crash in 2008.
My sense is that we have seen the second leg of the correction in commodities commence from 370.88 on 4/29/2011 play out in two halves and end in the bottom on 11/19/2013 at a low of 272.9. Note the low of November 2013 was marginally higher than the low formed in June 2012 at 267.40.
We should therefore now expect the Index to bid higher and try for the region between 325 and 335 over the next 12 to 18 months. The probability of a lurch below 270 is extremely low.
That said, the Index moved to a high of 285.3 from the low 272.9 in November, which to my mind represents the first of many legs of a move to the upside. The sharp sell off from there is simply a correction to the first leg up. The Index closed at 277.12 on Friday showing a retracement of 66% from the top. While not ruling out a 100% retracement my sense is that Index will turn up come Monday and after a short consolidation, keep moving up towards 325. The move up is also corrective. We aren’t done with commodity correction as yet.
I had expected Gold to at least try and breach the low of $1179 formed on 6/28/2013. In the event, Gold got close to that level making a low of $1181.40 on 12/31/2013.
Gold closed last Friday at $1238.60. Barring the usual short-term corrections, I don’t think we will see another attempt to take out $1180 in this leg of the correction.
On the other hand, Gold is now set on a corrective move upwards and could move to $1450 to $1500 range by mid-April. The long-term prognosis for the metal continues to be bearish. However, don’t short gold till you see the highs of mid-April.
I have been expecting a divergence between Gold & Silver prices but there simply hasn’t been a spectacular one of the sort I thought should happen. There are significant differences in the pattern of correction underway in both metals though.
Silver could show a muted uptrend in prices in sympathy with Gold over the next few weeks & move up to $22-$25 range. However, I continue to expect a price breakdown in Silver by June end 2014. To my mind there is no tradable opportunity in the metal to the upside until we see capitulation below $18.
Copper remains the most “bullish” of metals in the CRB Index. It made a low of 2.9875 on 6/24/2013 and then tested its 200 DMA repeatedly before making a higher low of 3.1240 on 11/19/2013. Thereafter, the metal took out the top of its 6-month trading ranging range by breaking convincingly atop 3.35, putting up a bullish flag to make a high of 3.4245 on 1/02/2014.
Meanwhile, the metal’s 50 DMA has pierced through its 200 DMA from below in the region of 3.26 well below the current price of 3.35 signaling a golden cross.
My sense is the metal will move up a bit, to perhaps 3.50 or so and do a flattish correction that tests the previous trading range top a few times before breaking away upwards. Position traders could long the metal at dips with a stop-loss a notch below 3.25.
WTI Crude has been in a corrective uptrend from the low of $77.50 made on 6/22/2012 to the high of $109.22 made on 8/28/2013. It has been correcting from that high and made a low of $92.30 on 11/27/2013. In the process, Crude generated a sell signal with the 50 DMA piercing through the 200 DMA to the downside at $98.47. Crude rallied from the low of $92.30 to nick the 200 DMA and turned down again from there taking out both the 200 & 50 DMAs in the process. All told that’s a sharply bearish picture but its very sharpness suggests that it might just be the usual bullish correction in an uptrend.
That said, first support for WTI crude lies at $92.30 and I would be surprised to see a significant breach of $92 given that the commodity is already oversold. A more robust support follows at $87. While Crude could bounce along above $92 till mid-March, 2014, I would look to accumulate the lows around $90-92. There isn’t much downside to WTI crude below $92 because it’s pretty much done with its long-term cyclical correction from the top of $147.27 in July 2008.
Am unable to show the spectacular textbook bullish run up in the Aussie Dollar vs. US Dollar here. But in many ways the story of $XAD from the low of 0.47730 in April 2001 to high of 1.1080 on 7/27/2011 is the story of the Chinese demand for Aussie commodities. It is therefore interesting to see what $XAD is doing at the moment.
$XAD went into a sharp correction from the level of 1.108 and is currently placed at 0.8943, showing a retracement of 34% from the bottom to the top. My sense is we could see a retracement to 0.80, which is top of the previous long term trading range for the $XAD from 1985 to 2007.
The other interesting thing about the $XAD is the timing. According to one wave count, the earliest end to $XAD’s correction would be around mid-March and if so, the target could be 0.85. By another count, which I favor, the correction in $XAD could extend to early 2015 and the target could be 0.80. The latter scenario points to delayed recovery in the Chinese economy. In either case $XAD would give early clues to renewed Chinese buying in commodity markets.